The state of Arunachal Pradesh is truly one of those states that procures domicile to as many as 25 different taxonomic groups of mammals which is absolute amazing. Wildlife of Arunachal Pradesh asserts to have species that are extinct today. Four major varieties of the big cats in jungle that includes leopard, Royal Bengal Tiger, Snow leopard and clouded leopard. Lesser cat like species the marbled cat and golden cat also visible. More than 500 species of birds have been found there, many of which are highly endangered are found in this state only. A large mammal called “Mithun” is a majestic animal, which is native to Arunachal Pradesh.

There are several Wildlife Sanctuaries and National Park to preserve the natural habitat of the state. They are Eagle Nest Wildlife Sanctuary, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Mouling National Park, Kane Wildlife Sanctuary, Dr D. Erring Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary, Dihang-Dibang Biosphere Reserve, Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary and Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary.


eaglenestEagle Nest Sanctuary:   With steep ridges, lazy streams and vibrant waterfalls, the historical Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary in the Eastern Himalaya is India’s own Shangri-La. Located in West Kameng district and covering an area of 218 km. sq. the variation in its altitude in extreme and spawns a mind-boggling richness and diversity of avian life. At every altitude range, starting from the lowest at 500m to the highest at over 3000m, different types of birds thrive, so birding in Eaglenest is akin to visiting a multi-storey exhibition where each floor sports different attractions. Managed by the Bugun tribe, Eaglenest is a shining paradigm of community-supported ecotourism. And this is strikingly evident in the habitat and the wildlife that thrive in the sylvan forests around Lama (2350m), Eaglenest Pass (2800m), Sunderview (2465m), Bompu (1940m), Sessni (1250m) and Khellong (750m), where even the occasional vehicular noise is absent, pristine nature rules the roost and the bliss of peace reigns supreme. Eaglenest wildlife sanctuary in west Arunachal Pradesh hosts one of the finest birdlife assemblages that Asia has to offer. Ward’s trogon, wedge-billed and rufous-throated wren babblers, rufous-necked, great and wreathed hornbills, black-necked crane, beautiful nuthatch, emerald cuckoo are some of the most sought after birds.


Pakhui sanctuaryPakhui Wildlife Sanctuary :  Located amongst the majestic Himalayas, Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is a peaceful abode for wild animals to dwell freely in their natural habitat without being disturbed or harm by anybody. The Sanctuary which is spread across 862 sq. km. is surrounded by river from all three sides, making it a memorable experience for tourists. Pakke River lies to its east and Bhareli River surrounds the Sanctuary from west and north making you feel closer to the nature. Also various little streams and perennial rivers flow past the Sanctuary. The forest is filled with wide colorful varieties of animals and birds. Animals that can be found inside the forest reserve are Tiger, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Wild Dog, Jackal, Himalayan Black Bear, Binturong, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Hog Deer, Barking Deer, Wilbur, Yellow throated Martin, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Capped Langur. One can also see beautiful and rare bird like Hornbill, white winged wood duck, Jungle Fowl, Peacock, Dove Baaz Eagles, etc. The Sanctuary is also termed as “Pakhui Tiger Reserve” as it conserves the Bengal Tiger and a few other Tigers. This park forms an integral appendage of the Tiger scheme introduced by the Govt. of India. Best time to visit Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is between the months of October to April.


Mouling National Park-3Mouling National Park :  The Mouling National Park spreads over the Upper Siang District and parts of East Siang & West Siang district, it is one of the oldest National Parks in India, named after a nearby peak called Mauling Peak. The Park geographically covers an area of 483 sq.km. With Siyum River flowing along the Western Border of the park. The park lacks road transport facility as most of the area remains unexplored. The place around Mouling National Park is known for its excellent bio-diversity. With heights which range from 400m to over 3000m in the park, it creates a conversion area between tropical forests as the lower altitudes to most temperate forest at altitudes higher than 2800m. Due to inaccessibility, the forest kept relatively unchanged by human activities. The area is famous for three varieties of goat – antelopes, locally known as Takin, Coral and Serow. The other fauna found in the park are wild buffalo, tiger, panther, red panda, elephant, hog deer, barking deer, sambar, python, etc. Besides it, the park has many birds including different types of Pheasants.


Kane Wildlife Sanctuary :  It is located in the West Siang district and it is spread over an area of 55 sq. kms. The wildlife sanctuary is bounded to the north and the west by the Siji River and its tributary. The Kane wildlife Sanctuary though was declared earlier in 1991, as a Sanctuary, but it was notified in April 2007 with an initial area of 31 sq. km. which was later expanded to the present 55 sq.km. The Sanctuary is blessed with rich and varied flora and fauna. Animal species that can be seen in the Sanctuary includes Deer, Cats and Elephants Though smaller in area the Sanctuary is home to unbelievable variety of wildlife which attracts the nature lovers from all over the world. The availability of adequate water attracts a number of bird species here such as White winged Duck, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Broad-billed Warbler, Sibia etc. The Sanctuary falls in the Eastern Himalayan zone and is rich in its vegetation that consists of tropical evergreen forest, semi-evergreen forest and sub-tropical broadleaf hill forest with Bamboo being the most prominent of all.


ering-memorial-wildlife-bigDr D Erring Memorial Wildlife Sanctuary :  This Sanctuary has all the necessary character to approve a strong eco-tourism sector. The Daying Ering Wildlife Reserve covers a total area of 190 sq.km. The major part (75%) of the Daying Ering Wildlife safari takes you to the alluvial grasslands, wooden area constitute about 15% and the rest is water. The Arunachal Pradesh Siang River (Brahmaputra in Assam) surrounds the northern, eastern and western parts of Daying Ering Wildlife Sanctuary. The Southern part is extends to the adjoined state of Assam. The area holds important communities of plants and animals and together forms a ecosystem, which is unique and rare. The Sanctuary is home to a large number of endangered aquatic birds Baer’s Pochard, Indian skimmer, spot-billed pelican, lesser adjutant, lesser whistling teal, black-bellied tern and the darter. The Sanctuary’s woodlands are an ideal habitat for a host. The grassy and forested islands are home of deer, wild buffalo, elephants and other rain forest species. The main attraction of the Sanctuary is the mesmerizing waters of the Siang River.


dihangDihang Dibang Biosphere Reserve :  One of the famous Biosphere Reserves in India, the Dihang Dibang valley of Arunachal Pradesh. The Reserve is counted among the few nature preserves around the world that are untouched from the modern civilization. None of the parts of this biosphere reserve is reachable by road and the only way to reach there, is to walk. The reserve is comprised of a huge area of 5112 sq.km. The core zone of the reserve has area coverage of 4095 sq.km. And the buffer zone is spread over 1017 sq.km. The Dihang Dibang Reserve has quite rice natural vegetation. The vegetation in this reserve varies according to habitat. Altitude is one of the major factors determining plant growth, as the altitude of the Reserve varies from approx 500 to 6000 meters. Apart from altitude, there are also some other factors in determining the plant growth, including the varying soils and differing exposures. Apart from the rich variety of natural habitat to numerous fauna species. Some of these fauna species are endemic to the eastern Himalayas and many of these are others are considered as endangered. About 45 species of insects are found in the Reserve and the collection of amphibians in the reserve is also great.


mehao-wildlife-sanctuaryMehao Wildlife Sanctuary :  Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary is named after the Mehao Lake. The Mehao Lake is a natural fresh water lake of Roing. It is regarded as one of the most beautiful places in Arunachal Pradesh. It is located at an elevation of around 3000 feet in the Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary. The Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in Lower Dibang Valley district, and extended at an altitudes ranging from 400 meters to 3568 meters above sea level. Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary is one among the better known protected area of Arunachal Pradesh. There are about sixty species of mammals and several other animal species that have been reported from Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary. There are at about 175 bird species found in the Sanctuary. The dense forest of Sanctuary is home to various wild animals including Tiger, leopard, jackal, Himalayan black bear, Indian porcupine, wild dog and many more. Some of the snakes seen here include Himalayan Cat Snake, Cobra and Python. Sanctuary has a wide range of herbs, shrubs, flowers and plants.


Namdapha National Park 2Namdapha National Park :  It is a biodiversity hotspot and the largest national park in India Situated in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, near the border with Myanmar, it spans an area of 1985 sq.km. The National Park is nestled between the Patkai range and Dapha bum range of Mishmis Hills, the park is home to about 425 bird species of flora and fauna. It is one of the few national parks where camping is allowed inside the forest. Due to presence of different vegetation, this park is known to be the ultimate zone for many of the rare species of animals such as leopards, clouded leopards, tigers and even Red Pandas. One can also get to watch the Himalayan bears, also some animals which are usually rare to sight in common places and tourists need to make great efforts out of a successful safari excursion can also be seen here. Moreover, the park possesses great bio diversity of flora and fauna. The lush green under growths of canes, bamboos, wild bananas and other variety of vegetation are intertwined like cobwebs. The grandeur of the wet tropical rain forest is breeding ground for a variety of animals and birds which is a remarkable sight, worth seeing.


Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary-6Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary :  It is one of the 12 secured regions of Arunachal Pradesh. The name is derived from the Kamlang River. It is located in the south eastern part of the Lohit region in Arunachal Pradesh. The place is extremely popular for different assorted birds, elephant rides and jeep safari. The pulsating landscape that constitutes this mammoth sanctuary is dowered with the auspicious presence of exotic plant species which further augments its splendor. These include quite a few exceptional taxonomic groups of floras that is confined to the land. The vegetation also presents some rare variety of plantations found only in the State. Best time to visit is October to April. The wildlife that can be seen in the Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary are Hoolock gibbon, tiger, leopard, capped Langur, red panda, Takin and lots more. The scenic beauty of the Sanctuary is a bound and incomparable because of its location, terrain and perennial water sources.


sessa-orchid-sanctuary-1Sessa Orchid Sanctuary :  The Sessa Orchid Sanctuary is perched in the foothills of the Himalayas in the Bhalukpong Forest Division of West Kameng District spread over a protected area of 100 sq km it merges into the Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary to its southwest. The sanctuary is an elephant reserve and features several important trekking routes that takes one through the orchids and have been developed and maintained by the department of environment & forests. In addition there are gorges and valleys, high peaks and rugged terrain that are a sight to behold for those seeking adventure. The sanctuary is renowned for its more than 200 species of orchids, which also include five new and endemic species. Some of the species that you may spot here include sub-tropical orchids as well as seven endemic species of saprotrophic orchids that are not found anywhere else. The Sanctuary is not only popular for the orchids, but also for the wild animals that have their habitat here, they are Serow, Pheasants, and red panda. The best time to visit the Sanctuary is between the months of October to April. The view of Sanctuary is so mesmerizing and lovely that it please the eyes of voyagers with delight and pleasure.