Horticulture Department Introduces Medicinal Plant Zanthoxyllum Cultivation

zanthoxyllumAadil Mir, Itanagar, Sept 14: Presenting the way for other government departments of state, the Research and Development wing of the Department of Horticulture has successfully introduced the domestic farming of local vegetable cum medicinal plant Zantho-xyllum oxyphyllum which is locally known as Onyor, Honyor, Hibe, Onger, etc.


Trial cultivation has been initiated at Kamyir and Poma villages under Sangdupota circle of Papum Pare district involving women SHGs. Farmers were trained to raise nursery at the site itself and grow it in the jhum field along with field crops. Although the cultivation has been successful in the first year, the data validation will be made for 2-3 years and finally a package of practices for cultivation in local condition will be released.

The Zanthoxyllum plant is principally consumed as vegetables. Eating Zantho-xyllum oxyphyllum tender shoots purifies the blood and reduces incidence of leucoderma. The plant has various medicinal properties against skin disease, rheumatism, varicose ulcers, leg pains, inflammations, fever, hypotension, dyspepsia and diarrhea.


It also acts as stimulant, stringent and digestive properties. As per the survey conducted by scientists of R&D wing of Horticulture Department, about 19 local vegetables are sold in local markets at Capital Complex with 73.8 tons consumption per month. Zanthoxyllum oxyphyllum is consumed at the rate of 6 tons per month and sold at the rate of Rs. 400 per kg.


All the local vegetables are collected from forest by wild extraction as farmers do not know the cultivation technology. At the present rate of wild extraction, very soon the natural stock will be exhausted and valuable traditional vegetables will get extinct. And, that why the R&D wing under Mini Mission-II of Arunachal Pradesh Horticulture Research and Development Mission (APHRDM) has begun the research work to develop cultivation technology for local vegetables one by one based on the threat perception.

APHRDM has also initiated research on cultivation technology of Paris polyphylla, a highly priced medicinal plant of the state which is now being illegally extracted in huge quantity.


If the present rate of wild extraction is not stopped, many valuable species of Paris polyphylla will get extinct from the state which will be a huge loss to the State, the APHRDM Mission Director said and appealed to the people to have patience as very soon proper cultivation technology in local conditions will be developed and farmers will be able to cultivate the plant and start legal trading instead of wild extraction which is banned and punishable.


source: themetrolive.com