An Overview of Arunachal Pradesh Tourism Profile

arunachal-pradesh tourism

Arunachal Pradesh-The “Land of the Dawn-lit Mountains”, is situated in North East India. Arunachal has a long International Border with Bhutan to its West (160 km), China to the North and North-East (1080 km) and Myanmar to its East (440 km). The land of lush green forests, deep river valleys and beautiful plateaus, it is mostly mountainous with Himalayan Ranges along the Northern borders criss-crossed with mountain ranges running North-South. They divide the state into five river valleys: The Kameng, The Subansiri, The Siang, The Lohit and The Tirap. The mightiest of these rivers is Siang, called Tsangpo in Tibet, which becomes Brahmaputra after it is joined by the Dibang and the Lohit in the plains of Assam.

Arunachal Pradesh became a full-fledged State on February 20, 1987. Till 1972, it was known as the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). It got the Union Territory status on January 20, 1972 and was renamed as Arunachal Pradesh. Administratively, the state is divided into seventeen Districts. Capital of the state is Itanagar which is situated in the District of Papumpare.

Arunachal Pradesh is the most picturesque tourist destination of India. A treasure house of nature’s beauty, place of Buddhist Cult, mystic land of ethnic tribes mingled with legends and myths and the most potent place for adventure tourism is still unexplored. The state’s major attractions for foreign tourists is its offering for adventure sports, particularly river rafting, mountaineering and trekking as also the floral and faunal wealth which draw special interest tourists, despite restrictions imposed through restricted area permit. Arunachal is a protected area and tourist whether they are domestic or Foreigner needs a permit to visit. Domestic tourist needs Inner Line Permit (INP) and Foreigners needs Protected Area Permit (PAP).

Arunachal Pradesh has an enormous potential for tourism and tourists can enjoy its natural beauty, different climate. Arunachal has many indigenous tribes with diverse culture. People can explore their way of life and social system by culture system. Arunachal Pradesh is home to at least 26 major tribes and more than 100 sub-tribes each with its distinct tradition and customs. The majority of the tribes are Adi, Galo, Aka, Apatani, Nyishi, Tagin, etc. These tribes still preserve their ancient beliefs and indigenous practices of worshipping the sun and the moon. This religion is known as Donyi-Polo (which literally means Sun and Moon).

The festivals celebrated by Arunachalees, mirror the people, culture, their artistic genius and skill in music and dance which is vital element in the life of every tribes. Important festivals are Losar, Nyokum, Boori Boot, Si-Donyi, Aran, Mopin, Oriah, Mol, Solung, Ojiyale, Tamladu and so on. Apart from the monastic dance performed by the lamas during the Torgya festival, the Monpas have extremely attractive traditional dances. The state is also endowed with local art & craft skills such as weaving, painting, pottery, smithy work, basket making, wood carving and cane, bamboo caps and furniture.

Arunachal Pradesh is endowed with thick evergreen forests with numerous streams, river and gorges ideal for angling, boating and rafting and its terrain is suitable for trekking, hiking and holidaying in a serene atmosphere. The Government has identified these major trekking routes namely:

  • Pasighat- Jengging- Yinkiong,
  • Tezpur- Bhalukpong- Bomdila- Tawang,
  • Roing- Mayodia- Anini &
  • Tinsukia- Tezu- Hayuliang
  • Margherita- Miao- Namdhapa
  • Itanagar- Ziro- Daporijo- Along- Pasighat
  • Tezpur- Seijosa (Pakhui)- Bhalukpong- Tipi- Tezpur

River Rafting is catching up as an adventure sport in many parts of Arunachal Pradesh. The rivers are their innumerable tributaries rushing down the mountains at raging speeds; provide unparalleled opportunities for adventurous rafting. River rafting along Kameng (Seppa-Bhalukpong), Subansiri (Tahila- North of Daporijo), Siang (entire course), and Dibang (Anini- Assam Border) are some of trips that one can try.

Apart from biodiversity there are many more natural tourist sites such as lakes, valleys, peaks, and waterfalls. Nuraneng Waterfalls, Babteng-Kang (BTK) Waterfalls, Sangetsar Lake (Tawang), Bagga-Tang Lake, Gorichen Lake, Sela Pass and peaks are the major attractions. Come and enjoy the salubrious climate and discover the intriguing traditions of ancient lifestyles of 26 tribes and 110 sub tribes. Host to many vibrant and colorful festivals, this Himalayan state offers an experience like no other which is why once you visit; you will come back time and time again.